Distributed Ledger Technology to Improve Food Supply Chain Transparency
Agriculture and animal husbandry are subject to major challenges related to food quality assurance and value chain sustainability. Regional and global food security, animal welfare, raw materials use, environmental protection, and their interdependencies play a prominent role in addressing these challenges. For example, reducing carbon dioxide emissions along the supply chain can protect the environment and improve value chain sustainability. The digitalization of food supply chains can support gathering data about food supply chains and food supply chain analyses to address the challenges related to food quality and sustainable value chains.
Digitalization harnesses the potential of novel technologies, such as the Distributed Ledger Technology (DLT), to improve the productivity, quality, and sustainability of food supply chains. For example, DLT has the potential to increase productivity and ensure quality by improving food traceability.
To improve the traceability in food supply chains, we develop DLT-based information systems for data sharing. The DLT enables, for example, decentralized and tamper-proof data storage, which improves product traceability by enhancing data integrity and availability along the supply chain.
Design, implement, and evaluate an information system for product traceability and data sharing along the pork supply chain and leverages the advantages of the DLT.
G. Baralla, A. Pinna and G. Corrias, "Ensure Traceability in European Food Supply Chain by Using a Blockchain System," 2019 IEEE/ACM 2nd International Workshop on Emerging Trends in Software Engineering for Blockchain, 2019, pp. 40-47, doi: 10.1109/WETSEB.2019.00012.
R. Zhao, J. Bal, and X. Ma. 2021. Creating Lean and Agile Supply Chains with Blockchain. In 2021 The 3rd International Conference on Blockchain Technology. Association for Computing Machinery, New York, NY, USA, 135–146. DOI:https://doi.org/10.1145/3460537.3460558
H. Treiblmaier. 2018. The impact of the blockchain on the supply chain: A theory-based research framework and a call for action. Supply Chain Management: An International Journal, 23(6), 545–559. https://doi.org/10.1108/SCM-01-2018-0029
N. Kannengießer, S. Lins, T. Dehling, and A. Sunyaev, “Trade-Offs between Distributed Ledger Technology Characteristics,” ACM CSUR, vol. 53, no. 2, Apr. 2020, doi: 10.1145/3379463.